Regenerative Medicine – Stem Cells ( MSC )
Regenerative Medicine is an upcoming field of medicine that seeks to replace and regenerate damaged tissues and organs in the body. Regenerative medicine includes treatments like stem cells therapy, exosomes therapy and platelet-rich-plasma (PRP) therapy.
What are stem cells?
Stem cells are the body’s raw materials which have the unique ability to replicate and differentiate into other types of specialised cells in the human body. The most important role of stem cells is to provide our body with new cells by replacing the damaged, old, and dying cells.
What are the different types of stem cells?
The two most widely studied stem cells are Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSC) and Haematopoietic Stem Cells (HSC).
HSC can be isolated from bone marrow, cord blood and peripheral blood. HSC however can only differentiate into blood cells i.e red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.
In contrast, MSC which can be isolated from Wharton’s Jelly of the umbilical cord, bone marrow, adipose tissue and tooth pulp can differentiate into many types of organ cells for healing purposes. Examples would be bone tissue, cartilage tissue, fat tissue, heart tissue, liver tissue, muscle tissue and nerve tissue.
MSC has the ability to go to areas of injury/inflammation and induce changes in nearby cells stimulating proliferation, differentiation and angiogenesis
MSC secretes anti-inflammatory cytokines to help calm inflammation
MSC is able to modify or regulate immune functions for example in autoimmune disorders
MSC is able to rescue apoptotic(dying) cells induced by trauma, chemical/mechanical damage, hypoxia or radiation
What conditions do mesenchymal stem cells therapy help?
Mesenchymal stem cells have been found to be useful in treating autoimmune diseases, age-related diseases, stroke, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s Disease, kidney failure, heart diseases, lung diseases, diabetes and diabetic complications and muscles, tendons, and cartilage injury.
Why choose Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cells?
MSC isolated from the umbilical cord has greater self-renewal ability
The chances of rejection are significantly lower as compared to MSCs derived from other sources
MSCs can be extracted from the donor’s umbilical cord instead of having to undergo a painful procedure of extraction from bone marrow or fat
4. Ethical and Readily Available
Umbilical cord MSCs are not associated with any ethical controversy. In fact, umbilical cord have often been considered as a waste product with no value attached to them
How are mesenchymal stem cells delivered?
Mesenchymal stem cells are delivered into the body via intravenous infusion, meaning into the vein by using a needle.
How many sessions are required?
Generally, patients can see significant improvements even after 1 session of stem cells therapy. Research has shown that mesenchymal stem cells can last between 6 months to a few years in the body.
How long does the procedure take?
Approximately 30 minutes.
Who are the ideal candidates for this treatment?
Patients who are looking for ways to regenerate and heal their aging bodies or those with ongoing chronic diseases.