Regenerative Medicine – Exosomes

Additional Info:

Regenerative Medicine is an upcoming field of medicine that seeks to replace and regenerate damaged tissues and organs in the body. Regenerative medicine includes treatments like stem cells therapy, exosomes therapy and platelet-rich-plasma (PRP) therapy. 

What is exosomes therapy?
Exosomes are extracellular vesicles, which is the medical term for tiny bubbles that are secreted by stem cells. Unlike mesenchymal stem cells therapy, exosomes therapy does not involve using donor cells in your body. Instead, they are extracted from donated mesenchymal stem cells and sterilised for usage.

How does exosomes therapy work?
Exosomes are essentially little messengers that carry important genetic information, proteins, and messenger RNA to cells throughout our body. They help to relay information between cells and facilitate more effective cell communication. Exosomes from young stem cells have been shown to help rejuvenate the older stem cells in our body, assist in regulating an overactive immune system and modulate the immune system to function in a more coordinated and effective way. 

What problems do exosomes therapy help?
Exosomes therapy has been found to be beneficial for improving wellness, chronic pain, hair loss, skin rejuvenation, wound healing, osteoarthritis, Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, autism, essential tremors through their anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating properties. Exosomes have also been found to help heal our damaged organs and balance up our immune functions after Covid-19 infections.  

How are exosomes therapy delivered?
Exosomes therapy can be delivered into the body via 3 means:

  1. Intravenous Infusion
    Via a needle into the vein
  2. Localised injection into the treatment area
    Example would be injecting the exosomes directly into the knee using a needle for patients suffering with knee pain from Osteoarthritis
  3. Nebulizer
    Nebulizer is a machine that can turn the Exosomes medication into a fine mist that can be inhaled into the lungs through a mouthpiece or mask and absorbed into the blood circulation.

Procedure video


How many sessions are required?
Generally, patients require a minimum of three sessions to get the maximal benefit from the therapy. These sessions will be done one month apart. Further sessions might be required depending on the condition. 

How long does the procedure take?
Approximately 30 minutes. 

What is the difference between stem cell therapy and exosomes therapy?
Stem cells therapy uses live stem cells from donors and they can replicate in the body for longer lasting cell renewal and repair effects. Stem cells generally last 6 months to a few years in our body.

In contrast, exosomes are vesicles secreted by stem cells that are used to send “repair messages” to the damaged organs in our body. They have a short term (4 to 6 months) repair effect as exosomes “message” will wear off over time.

Who are the ideal candidates for this treatment?
Patients who are seeking ways to improve their overall well being, boost their immunity, rejuvenate their skin, improve hair loss and those who suffer with chronic conditions such as stroke, autism, osteoarthritis, Alzheimer’s disease and essential tremor.

Patients who have suffered from Covid-19 infections may also benefit from Exosomes therapy.